The most important thing in any emergency is to keep calm!
If in an emergency, a rescue chain should be activated. Call for help. Use the 5 W’s (WHAT happened, WHERE, WHO is hurt and how many, WHAT kind of injury, WAIT for questions). Don’t spend too much time on the phone or calling for help.
Start first aid before professional help comes. If the victim is a teenager or adult do the following…
- Check if the scene is safe
- Tap the person on the shoulder and ask them if they can hear you
- Check for breathing signs like chest movements or place your hand in front of their nose or mouth
- If the person responds and is breathing, raise up his or her legs to increase blood flow to the heart
- If there is no response but the person has signs of breathing, place them in the so-called “recovery position”. Which means you roll them step by step to the side as shown in this video…Recovery Position Step by Step
- If there is neither response nor signs of breathing give them chest compression and mouth to mouth breathing in-between. Do not stop until the person shows signs of heart beating or breathing. How to give hands only chest compression